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Learn to Code with Ruby:
Functions


Slides

Functions

  • just like a VARIABLE is a name for a chunk of data
  • a FUNCTION is a name for a chunk of code
  • if you have some code you want to run again and again
    • or just run once, but keep it organized

For example

Here's a not very useful function:

def add x, y
  x + y
end
  • def means "define a function"
  • add is the name of the function
  • x, y are the parameters of the function
  • x + y is the body of the function
    • also the return value

Call Me, Maybe

You call a function by its name

def add x, y
  x + y
end

add 2, 3  # returns 5

add 12, 30  # returns 42

Rant!!!

def rant s
  s.upcase.gsub(" ", "") + "!!!"
end

puts rant "i like pizza"

Capitalize Just The First Character

def initial_cap s
  s[0] + s[1,s.length].downcase
end

puts initial_cap("McElaney")

this program prints Mcelaney

Titleize

def titleize string
  string.split(' ').map(&:capitalize).join(' ')
end
  • The funny &: means "send this message"
  • map(&:capitalize) means "send the message capitalize to every item in the array"


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